Abacha Loot: Court Orders Nigerian Governments to Account for $5 Billion



A Federal High Court in Abuja has issued a landmark order, demanding that the administrations of four former Nigerian Presidents, including Olusegun Obasanjo, Umaru Musa Yar’Adua, Goodluck Jonathan, and Muhammadu Buhari, provide a detailed account of the $5 billion returned Abacha loot. The court has also instructed the government of Mr. Bola Tinubu to disclose the exact amount stolen by the late General Sani Abacha, as well as the total amount of recovered Abacha loot and all related agreements signed by the previous administrations. The Minister of Finance, the Attorney General of the Federation, and the Minister of Justice have been named as defendants in the suit.

Court Orders Nigerian Governments to Account for $5 Billion Abacha Loot

This ruling follows a lawsuit filed by the Socio-Economic Rights and Accountability Project (SERAP) against the administration of former President Buhari for failing to publish the details of the agreement between the Nigerian government and the United States regarding the repatriation of $23 million stolen by Abacha. SERAP has expressed concerns about the vulnerability of the repatriated funds to corruption and mismanagement, suggesting that a substantial portion of the estimated $5 billion returned Abacha loot since 1999 might have been mismanaged, diverted, or even re-stolen.

In his ruling, Justice James Omotosho stated that the application by SERAP was meritorious, and the Ministry of Finance was ordered to provide full spending details of the Abacha loot within seven days. The court further mandated the government to disclose the specific projects executed with the funds, including their locations, and the names of companies and contractors involved since the restoration of democracy in 1999. Justice Omotosho also emphasized the importance of revealing the roles played by international partners, such as the World Bank, in the execution of these projects under the previous administrations.

The court’s judgment is seen as a significant victory for transparency and accountability in Nigeria. However, the government’s initial objections were dismissed, and SERAP hopes that Mr. Bola Tinubu will demonstrate his commitment to the rule of law by promptly enforcing the court’s order. The organization urges Tinubu to direct the Ministry of Finance and the Attorney General of the Federation to compile and release the spending details of the recovered Abacha loot, considering it a crucial step toward fostering transparency and accountability in the management of public resources.

This court order highlights the growing demand for greater transparency and scrutiny in governance, particularly in the management of recovered stolen assets. The Nigerian government’s compliance with the judgment would not only fulfill its legal obligations but also strengthen public trust in the democratic process and ensure that the recovered funds are utilized for the benefit of the Nigerian people. The accountability of past administrations and the responsible utilization of recovered assets will be essential in shaping a more transparent and accountable future for the nation.

In conclusion, this court ruling represents a significant step towards holding Nigerian governments accountable for the Abacha loot. The disclosure of spending details and project execution information related to the recovered funds will shed light on their proper utilization and help prevent corruption and mismanagement. The enforcement of this judgment will signal a commitment to transparency and accountability, setting an important precedent for future governance in Nigeria.

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